تبلیغات
مبنا - معرفی کتاب : مقدمه ای بر جغرافیای فرهنگی

ویژه نگار تخصصی فرهنگ و توسعه
تاریخ:شنبه 18 شهریور 1391-10:30 بعد از ظهر

معرفی کتاب : مقدمه ای بر جغرافیای فرهنگی

 

مؤلف : تری .ج . جردن و لستر راونتری

مترجم : دکتر سیمین تولایی و دکتر محمد سلیمانی

چاپ اول

ناشر : پژوهشگاه فرهنگ، هنر و ارتباطات

  

  این كتاب در سیزده فصل و چهار صد و هشتاد صفحه به شرح زیر تنظیم شده است:

             در فصل اول، ماهیت، مفاهیم و قلمرو جغرافیای فرهنگی از یك سو و روش بررسی جغرافیای فرهنگی از سوی دیگر بحث شده است. در این فصل، اصول بنیادی و دیدگاه نظری جغرافیای فرهنگی بر پایه پنج مفهوم كلیدی یعنی ناحیه فرهنگی، پخش فرهنگی، اكولوژی فرهنگی، در هم تنیدگی فرهنگی و چشم انداز فرهنگی تشریح شده و بر كاربرد آن ها در تبیین مسائل جغرافیایی تأكید شده است. در این خصوص آمده است: مفهوم ناحیه فرهنگی، كنجكاوی های طبیعی بشر را در مورد تفاوت ها و تشابهات میان مكان ها، توجیه و هدایت می كند.

    در سیر تكوین اندیشه جغرافیای انسانی، از اواخر قرن نوزدهم تا كنون، مكاتب و دیدگاه های گوناگونی ظهور كرده است كه جغرافیای انسانی ، جغرافیای اجتماعی و جغرافیای فرهنگی، سه حوزه قابل توجه آن را تشكیل می دهند. اگر چه بنیاد سه دیدگاه فوق بر تبیین روابط متقابل انسان با محیط است، اما مفاهیم، نگرش ها و زمینه های مورد تأكید آن ها در بررسی روابط انسان و محیط متفاوت می باشد تا جایی كه از آن ها به عنوان چهار سنت فكری گوناگون یاد می كنند.در ادبیات جغرافیایی ایران، طی پنجاه سال اخیر مفاهیم، روش ها و اصول جغرافیای انسانی، به خصوص از دیدگاه اكولوژیكی ، اغلب به صورتی گسیخته و بدون انسجام كافی مطرح شده است. لیكن جغرافیای اجتماعی و فرهنگی به صورت بسیار جسته گریخته بیان شده و بدین لحاظ جای خالی چنین اثری حتی در میان دانشگاهیان كشورمان كماكان خالی است.

     كتاب موزاییك انسانی : مقدمه ای موضوعی بر جغرافیای فرهنگی ، كه توسط تری جردن از دانشگاه تگزاس و لستر دانتری از دانشگاه ایالتی سان خوزه، تدوین شده است، یكی از معدود آثار با ارزش و مهم در خصوص ادبیات جغرافیای فرهنگی جهان است كه به عنوان كتاب پایه برای دانشجویان دوره های كارشناسی و كارشناسی ارشد جغرافیا و نیز به منزله چارچوب جامع برای پژوهشگران جغرافیای فرهنگی و حتی كارشناسان و پژوهشگران رشته فرهنگ در كشور قابل استفاده است.

این كتاب در سیزده فصل و چهار صد و هشتاد صفحه به شرح زیر تنظیم شده است:

             در فصل اول، ماهیت، مفاهیم و قلمرو جغرافیای فرهنگی از یك سو و روش بررسی جغرافیای فرهنگی از سوی دیگر بحث شده است. در این فصل، اصول بنیادی و دیدگاه نظری جغرافیای فرهنگی بر پایه پنج مفهوم كلیدی یعنی ناحیه فرهنگی، پخش فرهنگی، اكولوژی فرهنگی، در هم تنیدگی فرهنگی و چشم انداز فرهنگی تشریح شده و بر كاربرد آن ها در تبیین مسائل جغرافیایی تأكید شده است. در این خصوص آمده است: مفهوم ناحیه فرهنگی، كنجكاوی های طبیعی بشر را در مورد تفاوت ها و تشابهات میان مكان ها، توجیه و هدایت می كند.

         بخش فرهنگی: جنبه پویایی و حركت مداوم فرهنگ را توجیه می كند و به دانشجویان و پژوهشگران كمك می نماید تا ارزیابی لازم را از چگونگی گسترش خصایص فرهنگی از مكانی به مكان دیگر به دست آورند. اكولوژی فرهنگی، چارچوبی مناسب برای تبیین روابط پیچیده میان فرهنگ و محیط طبیعی است.در هم تنیدگی فرهنگی به دانشجویان و پژوهشگران امكان می دهد تا فرهنگ را به عنوان كلیتی به هم پیوسته كه تمامی اجزای آن بر روی هم تأثیر متقابل دارند، در نظر بگیرند.و بالاخره، چشم انداز فرهنگی به عنوان واقعیت نمادین فرهنگ های گوناگون، بعد دیگری از كارایی جغرافیایی فرهنگی را در تفسیر پدیده های جغرافیایی ، بیان می كند.سپس پنج مفهوم فوق در توضیح و تبیین موضوعات كتاب به شرح زیر به كار رفته است:انسان بر رو ی زمین، دنیای كشاورزی، الگوهای سیاسی، تنوع زبان ها، قلمرو مذاهب، جغرافیای فرهنگ عامه، جغرافیای فرهنگ عمومی، جغرافیای نژادی ، شهر در زمان و فضا ، موزاییك شهری، صنعت و شبكه حمل و نقل.

         فصل سیزدهم كتاب به كاربرد جغرافیای فرهنگی اختصاص دارد كه طی آن به ارائه نمونه هایی از مطالعات موردی در موضوعات گوناگون از كشورهای ایالات متحده، مالزی و هند پرداخته است.در پایان كتاب، جمع بندی جامعی از تمام فصول كتاب ارائه شده و فهرستی از مفاهیم و اصطلاحات اصلی كه در سراسر كتاب به كار رفته ضمیمه شده است.



نوع مطلب : معرفی کتاب  فرهنگ 
دنبالک ها: منبع اصلی 

נערות ליווי במרכז
دوشنبه 28 مرداد 1398 08:04 قبل از ظهر
We're having coffee at Nylon Coffee Roasters on Everton Park
in Singapore. I'm having black coffee, he's possessing a cappuccino.
He's handsome. Brown hair slicked back, glasses that are great for his face, hazel eyes and the most amazing lips I've seen. He or she is well developed, with incredible arms plus a chest that is different with this sweater.
We're standing before of one another preaching about our
lives, what we'd like for future years, what we're interested in on another
person. He starts telling me that she has been rejected loads of times.


‘Why Andrew? You're so handsome. I'd never reject you
', I say He smiles at me, biting his lip.

‘Oh, I would not know. Everything happens for reasons right.
But analyze, you would not reject me, can you Ana?'
He said.

‘No, how could I?' , I replied

"So, utilize mind if I kissed you right now?' he was quoted saying as I receive much better him and kiss him.

‘When don't ask, just do it.' I reply.

‘I favor how you think.' , he said.

Meanwhile, I start scrubbing my hindfoot in his leg, massaging it slowly. ‘What can you prefer ladies? And, Andrew, don't spare me the details.' I ask.

‘I enjoy determined women. Someone to know what they have to want. Someone that won't say yes simply because I said yes. Someone who's not afraid of trying something totally new,' he says. ‘I'm never afraid of trying something totally new, especially with regards to making new things in the sack ', I intimate ‘And I love girls who are direct, who cut through the chase, like you may did. To generally be
honest, what a huge turn on.
suplementy na powiększenie penisa
چهارشنبه 16 مرداد 1398 01:18 بعد از ظهر
An impressive share! I've just forwarded this onto a
coworker who was conducting a little research on this.

And he actually bought me dinner simply because I stumbled upon it for him...
lol. So let me reword this.... Thanks for the meal!! But yeah, thanx for
spending the time to talk about this issue here on your web site.
פרסום וילות להשכרה
دوشنبه 14 مرداد 1398 11:24 بعد از ظهر
cheers lots this site is official as well as informal
iboysoft data recovery software
جمعه 11 مرداد 1398 04:49 بعد از ظهر
Very nice post. I just stumbled upon your weblog and wished to say that
I have truly enjoyed surfing around your blog posts. After all
I will be subscribing to your feed and I hope you write again very soon!
נערות ליווי במרכז
چهارشنبه 9 مرداد 1398 07:21 بعد از ظهر
"We need to build to an alternative crescendo, cheri," he said.
"Therefore we should have an ending that is to be as none before."

His smile was decadent, his eyes were packed with lust, and the soft skin of his hard cock against my sex was having its intended effect.
I became feeling a stronger arousal now as I felt
his cock slide between my sensitive lips. I felt the actual
top of his cock push agonizingly at the doorway of my pussy, and I wanted
him to thrust into me hard. Instead he pulled back and
slid his hardness back up to my clit.

I used to be aching to obtain him inside, and I could tell that his really
need to push that wonderful hard cock inside
me was growing. His moans grew to fit mine, and I knew the sensation of my wet pussy lips for the head of his cock was getting
too much both for of us.

"Enable the finale begin," he was quoted saying, and that he
slid the top of his cock inside me.

We both gasped because held his cock there for any moment.
I contracted my pussy to him further inside, and the man threw his return at the sensation. Inch by excruciating inch he
pushed his cock inside me, and every time I squeezed my pussy around him.
His cock felt wonderful because it filled me,
but I desired it inside me. I rolled to the side and rested
my leg against his shoulder, and he plunged his cock completely in.
תיקון מזגנים
سه شنبه 8 مرداد 1398 04:56 قبل از ظهر
thank you a great deal this excellent website is actually official and relaxed
Sexy2Call
سه شنبه 8 مرداد 1398 01:38 قبل از ظهر
Sexy2call Quick search and find the most up-to-date results
Choose a massage escort girl, discrete apartment or any perfect and indulgent recreation. In search of escort girls?
Discrete apartments? Create a quick search by region
http://canadianopharmacy.com/
دوشنبه 7 مرداد 1398 01:24 قبل از ظهر

Thanks a lot! Quite a lot of posts.

northwest pharmacies online canadian pharmacies online prescriptions canadian pharmacies shipping to usa safe canadian online pharmacies pharmacy onesource safe canadian online pharmacies canada pharmacies online prescriptions canadian medications by mail canadian medications online canadian medications 247
sexy2call
جمعه 4 مرداد 1398 01:31 قبل از ظهر
We're having coffee at Nylon Coffee Roasters on Everton Park in Singapore.
I'm having black coffee, he's having a cappuccino.
He is handsome. Brown hair slicked back, glasses which fit his face, hazel eyes
and the most amazing lips I've seen. He or she is well-built, with incredible arms as well as a chest
that stands apart for this sweater. We're standing ahead of one another
preaching about how we live, what we wish into the future, what we're seeking on another person. He starts telling me that she has been rejected
many times.

‘Why Andrew? You're so handsome. I'd never reject you ', I only say He smiles
at me, biting his lip.

‘Oh, I can't know. Everything happens for an excuse right.
But figure out, you wouldn't reject me, does one
Ana?' He said.

‘No, how could I?' , I replied

"So, would you mind if I kissed you right this moment?' he stated as I buy far better him and kiss him.

‘Next occasion don't ask, do exactly it.' I reply.

‘I enjoy the method that you think.' , he said.

In the meantime, I start scrubbing my hindfoot as part of his leg, massaging it slowly. ‘What exactly do that suits you girls? And, Andrew, don't spare me the details.' I ask.

‘I like determined women. Someone that knows the things they want. Somebody that won't say yes even if I said yes. Someone who's unafraid of trying something totally new,' he says. ‘I'm never afraid when attemping new stuff, especially when it comes to making something mroe challenging in the bedroom ', I intimate ‘And I enjoy girls that are direct, who cut from the chase, like you may did. To become
honest, that is a huge turn on.
cut machine hair
پنجشنبه 3 مرداد 1398 05:44 قبل از ظهر
My brother recommended I might like this blog.
He was entirely right. This post actually made
my day. You can not imagine just how much time I had
spent for this information! Thanks!
صیانة میكروویف دایو
دوشنبه 31 تیر 1398 05:29 بعد از ظهر
Great post but I was wanting to know if you could write a litte more on this
topic? I'd be very grateful if you could elaborate a little bit more.
Kudos!
صیانة غسالات بیكو
دوشنبه 31 تیر 1398 12:05 قبل از ظهر
That is a very good tip especially to those new to
the blogosphere. Brief but very precise information… Appreciate
your sharing this one. A must read article!
וילות להשכרה באילת
یکشنبه 30 تیر 1398 02:59 قبل از ظهر
Index Search Villas and lofts to rent, search by region, find in a few minutes a villa to rent by city, a number of rooms lofts and villas.
Be in awe of the photographs and data that they have to supply you.
The site is a center for every body the ads while in the field, bachelorette party?
Play with someone who leaves Israel? Regardless of
what the rationale you must rent a villa for an upcoming
event or simply friends recreation appropriate for any age.
The website is also the centre of rooms by way of the hour,
which is another subject, for lovers who are searhing for an expensive room equipped for discreet entertainment using a spouse
or lover. Whatever you are searching for, the 0LOFT website
is really a search for you to find rentals for loft villas and rooms throughout Israel, North South and Gush Dan.
צימרים
سه شنبه 25 تیر 1398 10:53 بعد از ظهر
Index Search Villas and lofts to rent, search by region, find
during first minutes a villa to book by city, several different rooms lofts and villas.

Be thankful for the photographs and information that they have to provide you.

The site is a center for every body the ads within the field, bachelorette party?
Like somebody who leaves Israel? Regardless of what the explanation it's important to rent a villa
for a potential event or simply just an organization recreation suitable for any age.
The website is also center of rooms by the hour, which is definitely another subject, for lovers who want a deluxe room equipped for discreet entertainment that has a spouse or lover.
Regardless of you are searching for, the 0LOFT website
will make a look for you to identify rentals for loft villas
and rooms throughout Israel, North South and Gush Dan.
مركز صیانة غسالات سامسونج طنطا
دوشنبه 24 تیر 1398 04:57 قبل از ظهر
Hmm is anyone else encountering problems with the images on this blog loading?
I'm trying to determine if its a problem on my end or if it's the blog.
Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated.
konta firmowe
یکشنبه 23 تیر 1398 07:19 قبل از ظهر
It's wonderful that you are getting thoughts from
this paragraph as well as from our argument made at this place.
sexy2call
پنجشنبه 20 تیر 1398 09:07 بعد از ظهر
We're having coffee at Nylon Coffee Roasters on Everton Park in Singapore.
I'm having black coffee, he's using a cappuccino.
They're handsome. Brown hair slicked back, glasses that suit his face, hazel eyes and the most amazing lips I've seen. They are well built, with incredible arms and
a chest that sticks out during this sweater. We're standing before of one another speaking about our
lives, what we would like money for hard times, what we're in search of on another person. He starts saying that he's been rejected
loads of times.

‘Why Andrew? You're so handsome. I'd never reject you ', I only say He smiles at me,
biting his lip.

‘Oh, I would not know. Everything happens for reasons right.

But inform me, utilize reject me, would you Ana?' He said.


‘No, how could I?' , I replied

"So, you wouldn't mind if I kissed you at the moment?' he explained as I recieve nearer to him and kiss him.

‘Next occasion don't ask, do exactly it.' I reply.

‘I'm keen on how you will think.' , he said.

For now, I start scrubbing my heel bone as part of his leg, massaging it slowly. ‘Exactly what do you wish ladies? And, Andrew, don't spare me the details.' I ask.

‘I like determined women. Someone who knows what they want. Somebody that won't say yes just because I said yes. Someone who's not scared of attempting a new challenge,' he says. ‘I'm never afraid when attemping new things, especially in terms of making new things in bed ', I intimate ‘And I like girls that are direct, who cut throughout the chase, like you only did. To generally be
honest, that is a huge turn on.
נערות ליווי ברמת גן
چهارشنبه 12 تیر 1398 11:14 قبل از ظهر
We're having coffee at Nylon Coffee Roasters on Everton Park in Singapore.
I'm having black coffee, he's creating a cappuccino.

They are handsome. Brown hair slicked back, glasses that are
great for his face, hazel eyes and the prettiest lips I've seen. They're well-built, with incredible arms and also a
chest that is unique within this sweater. We're standing right in front of each other referring to
how we live, what we'd like money for hard times, what we're
in search of on another person. He starts telling me that they have been rejected
many times.

‘Why Andrew? You're so handsome. I'd never reject you ',
I say He smiles at me, biting his lip.

‘Oh, I do not know. Everything happens for grounds right.

But identify, you wouldn't reject me, would you Ana?' He said.


‘No, how could I?' , I replied

"So, would you mind if I kissed you at this time?' he was quoted saying as I am nearer to him and kiss him.

‘Next occasion don't ask, function it.' I reply.

‘I like how you would think.' , he said.

While waiting, I start scrubbing my heel bone in their leg, massaging it slowly. ‘Exactly what do that suits you ladies? And, Andrew, don't spare me the details.' I ask.

‘Everyone loves determined women. Someone that knows the things they want. A person that won't say yes even though I said yes. Someone who's unafraid of trying interesting things,' he says. ‘I'm never afraid when trying a new challenge, especially on the subject of making something mroe challenging in the sack ', I intimate ‘And I adore girls that are direct, who cut over the chase, like you recently did. To be
honest, that is a huge turn on.
נערות ליווי בחיפה
شنبه 8 تیر 1398 08:59 بعد از ظهر
Sexy2call Quick search to get the most recent results Locate a massage escort girl,
discrete apartment or any perfect and indulgent recreation. Interested in escort girls?

Discrete apartments? Complete a quick search by
region, the best portal in Israel for discreet apartments and escort
girls, a variety of youth ads that gives you service and guidance you did not know, try a
search by city and look for you the dream girl for the following
indulgence, business meeting? Ads tend not
to include and or provide and or encourage and
or imply the provision of sexual services. The ads are susceptible to the many
binding laws on the State of Israel.
דירה דיסקרטיות
دوشنبه 3 تیر 1398 04:17 بعد از ظهر
We're having coffee at Nylon Coffee Roasters on Everton Park in Singapore.
I'm having black coffee, he's using a cappuccino.

He or she is handsome. Brown hair slicked back, glasses that suited his face, hazel eyes and the most
amazing lips I've seen. He or she is well made,
with incredible arms as well as a chest that stands apart for this sweater.
We're standing right in front of each other talking about our everyday life, what we wish for future years, what we're looking for on another person. He starts
telling me that he's been rejected a lot of times.

‘Why Andrew? You're so handsome. I'd never reject you ', I believe that He smiles at me, biting his lip.


‘Oh, I do not know. Everything happens for good reason right.
But tell me, make use of reject me, does one Ana?' He said.


‘No, how could I?' , I replied

"So, can you mind if I kissed you at the moment?' he was quoted saying as I purchase nearer to him and kiss him.

‘When don't ask, just do it.' I reply.

‘I love how you think.' , he said.

At the same time, I start scrubbing my heel bone in the leg, massaging it slowly. ‘What can you like in ladies? And, Andrew, don't spare me the details.' I ask.

‘I really like determined women. Someone to know the things they want. A person that won't say yes simply because I said yes. Someone who's not scared when trying new things,' he says. ‘I'm never afraid when attemping new stuff, especially in regards to making new things in the sack ', I intimate ‘And I adore women who are direct, who cut throughout the chase, like you simply did. To become
honest, that is a huge turn on.
http://spuredchec.strikingly.com/
دوشنبه 3 تیر 1398 05:32 قبل از ظهر

You said it nicely..
generic cialis review uk precios cialis peru cialis baratos compran uk rx cialis para comprar cipla cialis online compare prices cialis uk india cialis 100mg cost are there generic cialis cialis in sconto cialis 5 mg effetti collateral
http://curampo.strikingly.com/
یکشنبه 2 تیر 1398 01:31 بعد از ظهر

Nicely put, Kudos.
cialis generique cost of cialis per pill cialis professional from usa cialis dosage amounts tadalafil 20 mg acheter cialis kamagra ou trouver cialis sur le net cialis pills boards cilas generic cialis levitra
http://fotampods.strikingly.com/
شنبه 1 تیر 1398 10:56 بعد از ظهر

With thanks. I enjoy this.
generic cialis tadalafil generic cialis at walmart cialis prezzo di mercato cialis purchasing if a woman takes a mans cialis preis cialis 20mg schweiz cialis ahumada side effects for cialis cialis generika in deutschland kaufen we like it cialis price
http://enunin.strikingly.com/
شنبه 1 تیر 1398 06:09 قبل از ظهر

Regards! Loads of posts!

chinese cialis 50 mg cialis price thailand price cialis best acheter cialis meilleur pri cialis professional yohimbe acquistare cialis internet ou acheter du cialis pas cher il cialis quanto costa cialis qualitat cialis generisches kanada
http://projerar.strikingly.com/
جمعه 31 خرداد 1398 02:16 بعد از ظهر

Nicely put. Thanks a lot!
cialis prezzo in linea basso cialis generico lilly cialis online holland fast cialis online chinese cialis 50 mg wow look it cialis mexico generic cialis at walmart cialis side effects cialis tablets for sale generic cialis
Cialis online
پنجشنبه 30 خرداد 1398 09:36 بعد از ظهر

You said it adequately.!
preis cialis 20mg schweiz cialis ahumada cialis free trial cialis preise schweiz cialis tadalafil online cialis diario compra when can i take another cialis we like it cialis price where cheapest cialis cialis sicuro in linea
http://monnspokex.strikingly.com/
پنجشنبه 30 خرداد 1398 02:50 قبل از ظهر

You expressed that very well!
buying brand cialis online generic cialis pill online cialis for sale cialis dosage amounts cialis coupons safe dosage for cialis can i take cialis and ecstasy 40 mg cialis what if i take cialis for daily use cialis daily reviews
http://bankrinfreap.strikingly.com/
چهارشنبه 29 خرداد 1398 10:35 قبل از ظهر

You explained that well!
cialis soft tabs for sale usa cialis online cialis daily new zealand cialis kamagra levitra cialis 20 mg viagra or cialis cialis generic availability cialis 10 doctissimo comprar cialis 10 espa241a cialis prices in england
http://serreupron.strikingly.com/
سه شنبه 28 خرداد 1398 06:12 بعد از ظهر

Helpful posts. Thank you.
prices on cialis 10 mg cialis e hiv price cialis wal mart pharmacy cialis 5 effetti collaterali cialis cost cialis generic tadalafil buy cialis dosage generic cialis soft gels buy cheap cialis in uk cialis taglich
http://theoprofan.strikingly.com/
دوشنبه 27 خرداد 1398 08:37 بعد از ظهر

Thank you! Loads of posts.

cialis online cialis ahumada cialis 100mg suppliers cialis 05 5 mg cialis coupon printable side effects for cialis cialis super kamagra buying brand cialis online cialis savings card we like it cialis price
 
لبخندناراحتچشمک
نیشخندبغلسوال
قلبخجالتزبان
ماچتعجبعصبانی
عینکشیطانگریه
خندهقهقههخداحافظ
سبزقهرهورا
دستگلتفکر


نمایش نظرات 1 تا 30